Adrian’s Talk (Types of Learners)

28/09/15

Type Of Learners.

In this lecture Adrian spoke about the different types of learners;

Visual Learners, Auditory and Kinesthetic.

Everyone learns or at least absorbs information in different ways, although everyone is not necessarily isolated to one type, you can change or “migrate” between depending on your situation or context. You can be all three.

I for one know that I generally learn best in a visual way, but that in certain circumstances like having the radio on whilst carrying out other tasks, I will come away having learnt and remembered almost everything from that show.

He then went on to talk about social facilitation, the influence of the mere presence of others. Really pushing the idea of working together in groups. If someone else is in the room you will perform better at things you can already do (Coaction effect).

But then you also have the Ringelmann effect, the idea that individual members of a group will become increasingly less productive once in their group, which can also lead to social loafing, ‘why should I bother when they can do the work’. Resulting in free-riding, and causing the sucker effect, ‘Well then why should I work hard if they’re not, I’m not going to carry them’. BUT essentially group work is good, being around others is good, and a positive thing.

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We then went on to play a group game where you had to throw the ball into a cone on the floor, either a close cone or a further away cone. First we had to divide ourselves into teams of about six to eight, give ourselves a team name, and then line up to take our turn, shouting out our decision to throw in the close or further away cone, so everyone knew our intention.

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After the activity, Adrian went on to explain why we had done it. Those that chose the close cone were avoiding failure whilst those that chose the further away cone were reaching to achieve success, without there even being an illusion of failure.

Then we were asked to form a line around the room and position ourselves within it on a scale from introvert to extravert. Then the Tutors re positioned us depending on our appearance, showing how your own view of yourself may not be how others see you, and that you can probably achieve more than you think. But also how appearance doesn’t necessarily categorise type of learners and thinkers. Concluding with the main point of thought that by the end of our course, they would help us all be the risk takers, and the extraverts.

The following information was gathered from RMIT University.

Visual Learners

Visual learners attend to information most effectively when they see something, for example, pictures, diagrams, films and videos or demonstrations. Check to see if some of the following characteristics may apply to you.

Behaviours/Characteristics:

  • Remember what they see rather than what they hear
  • Remember diagrams and pictures
  • Prefer to read and write rather than listen
  • Have trouble remembering verbal instructions
  • Need an overall view and purpose before beginning a project
  • Like art more than music
  • Sometimes tune out when trying to pay attention.

Study hints/advice:

  • Take written notes in lectures & class
  • Use colours to highlight important points
  • Pay attention to diagrams, charts and pictures in text books
  • Use mindmaps ( with colours & diagrams) to organise information for an assignment or for revision for an exam.
  • Put summaries and mindmaps on the walls in your study area
  • Use a wall planner.

Auditory Learners

Behaviours/Characteristics:

  • Can follow verbal instructions easily
  • Like to hear someone explain and like explaining to someone else
  • Like debating and discussing with others
  • Tend to talk to themselves while working
  • Enjoy reading aloud
  • Like music more than art.

Study hints/advice:

  • Start or join a study group
  • Say things aloud to remember information
  • Use a tape recorder. Record yourself reading texts and/or discussing issues with others
  • Read notes aloud when studying and after you have read something summarise it out loud.
  • Explain or  ‘re tell’ something you have learnt to someone else
  • If possible listen to pod casts of lectures.

Kinaesthetic Learners

Behaviours/Characteristics:

  • Often they take notes or even draw pictures or doodle whilst listening
  • Remember best what they did
  • Memorise by walking and seeing
  • Like ‘hands on’ activities and group interaction

Study hints/advice:

  • Test your learning by applying it or transforming it to another form. For example use lecture notes or readings to draw a diagram, flow chart or even construct a model.
  • Start or join a study group
  • Relate facts or theories to your own experience
  • Learn or memorise information by teaching or telling someone else
  • When studying take frequent breaks. This is also helpful for the other learning styles.
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